Process optimization for amylase production of Bacillus subtilis M4 mutant strain

  • Naramchimeg B School of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Altantsetseg Kh School of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Urantulkhuur B School of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Keywords: Amylase activity, Bacillus spp, Statistical optimization, OFAT, RSM

Abstract

There are many factors that influence the character of bacterial metabolism and enzyme production.For the
maximum production of the desired products, the media components and fermentation conditions should be
optimized. In our investigation, we improved the amylase production of Bacillus subtilis M4 mutant strain by
the combination of two optimization techniques. The cultural conditions (time period, temperature, pH,
inoculum volume) and medium ingredients (various carbon, organic and inorganic nitrogen sources, chlorides, sulfates, phosphates, carbonates) were optimized by one factor at a time methodology (OFAT) and response surface methodology (RSM) to increase the amylase production. The optimum conditions for amylase production were found be the following: 35ºC, pH range 7 and incubation time 72h, inoculum volume 8% (v/v). Optimum medium composition for amylase production was the following: starch 12.9 g, peptone 9.75
g, calcium carbonate 0.439 g, magnesium sulfate 0.464 g and potassium chloride 0.464 g per liter. When
applied to our optimized medium in the fermentation process, the enzyme activity increased from 0.741 to
1.58 U/ml, which means a 2.1-fold increase compared to the original medium.

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Abstract
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Published
2019-10-28
How to Cite
B, N., Kh, A., & B, U. (2019). Process optimization for amylase production of Bacillus subtilis M4 mutant strain. Mongolian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 27(02), 8-19. https://doi.org/10.5564/mjas.v27i02.1279
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