Characterization of camel (camelus bactrianus) echinococcosis from Southern Mongolia

  • Chinchuluun B Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar,
  • Lkhagvatseren S Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar,
  • Nominchuluun Ch Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar,
  • Munkhjargal Ts Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar,
  • Altanchimeg A Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar
  • Nyamdolgor U Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar
  • Temuulen D Department of General Sciences of Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar
  • T Yanagida Yamaguchi University, Yoshida 1677-1, Yamaguchi, 753-8515,
  • A Ito Asahikawa Medical University, Midorigaoka Higashi 2-1-1-1, Asahikawa 078-8510
  • Batsukh Z Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Ulaanbaatar
Keywords: Cystic echinococcosis, necropsy, cyst status,

Abstract

A total 22 (30.5%) camels were infected with 34 echinococcal cysts out of 72 slaughtered camels in Khurmen soum of Southgobi province. The prevalence of infection in camels between 5-7 years (14/22) was 18.2-22.7% and 8 years camels (6/22) were 27.3%. The fertile cyst rate was 40.9% and sterile cyst rate was 22.7%. Camel cystic echinococcosis cyst status was fertile, sterile, abscessed and calcified. Most of the cysts were located in the lungs 54.5%, liver 27.3% and lung-liver 18.2% and were spherical in shape, unilocular and 1-3 cysts located in lung and liver of one camel, cyst diameter was 2-10 cm and with cyst fluid ranging from 1 to 200 ml. Camel echinococcal cysts status and appearance were revealed as age dependent, as older camels echinococcal cysts were revealed as calcified statistically significant (p=0.0458). Histologically, leucocyte infiltration and mild hepatocellular degeneration and infiltration in the liver were noticed. In lungs, there was proliferation of fibrous connective tissue and infiltration of mononuclear cells.

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Abstract
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Published
2018-10-11
How to Cite
B, C., S, L., Ch, N., Ts, M., A, A., U, N., D, T., Yanagida, T., Ito, A., & Z, B. (2018). Characterization of camel (camelus bactrianus) echinococcosis from Southern Mongolia. Mongolian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 23(01), 9-13. https://doi.org/10.5564/mjas.v23i01.1013
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Articles