THE OVERVIEW OF EPIZOOTIOLOGIC SITUATION OF EQUIDS AND RUMINANTS IN MONGOLIA
Keywords:infectious diseases, zoonoses, livestock, prevalence, one health,
AbstractEcological inbalance, global change, new mode of lifestyle and increasing population cause the spread of zoonotic infectious diseases around the world and re-emergence disease among many others. The aim of this article is to summarize the situation of the important infectious diseases of the ruminants and horses in Mongolia. Some of these diseases have zoonotic potential, too. Livestock in Mongolia is an irreplaceable source of livelihood, labour force, means of transport, subsistence and companion as well as important component of the culture in this part of world. However, due to the wide-spread of these animals they also serve as a host and vector for many dangerous infectious diseases. Our overview focuses on the most important infectious diseases,mainly zoonoses in Mongolia and its current epizootologic status. People may be infected during contact with infected animals, though a more frequent path of infection is via foodstuffs of animal origin. Re-emerging infectious diseases are diseases that are already familiar to us and their increased occurrence is associated with a change in the process of transmission of infection.
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