Evaluating Smoking Cessation Counseling Bundle Behavioral Intervention for Mongolian Adults Who Use Nicotine Patches

Authors

  • Munkh-Uchral Davaanyam Department of Health Social Work and Social Sciences, School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Pramil Singh Cancer Center, Loma Linda University, California, USA
  • Yerkyebulan Mukhtar Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Mandukhai Ganbat Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Nadmidtseren Gombodorj Department of Health Social Work and Social Sciences, School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Azzaya Chimedtseren Department of Health Social Work and Social Sciences, School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Sugarmaa Myagmarjav Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Gantsetseg Tumur-Ochir Department of Mental Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Khandmaa Sukhbaatar Division for Undergraduate Education Policy and Management, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Davaalkham Dambadarjaa School of Public Health, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6999-9367

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24079/cajms.2023.03.004

Keywords:

Tobacco, Smoking cessation, Tobacco use cessation devices, Directive counseling, Behavior therapy

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a behavioral intervention based on the World Health Organization (WHO) 5A and 5R guidelines in Mongolia who use the Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) patch. The study aims to assess the impact of the intervention on smoking cessation rate. The finding of this study will contribute to the existing literature on smoking cessation interventions and provide valuable insights into the effectiveness of a behavioral approach in a Mongolian population.
Methods: In the intervention study, out of total of 806 people interested in the part of this study. The study team excluded their eligibility criteria of the study participant. A sample of 625 people who fulfilled study inclusion criteria received advice about the negative consequences of tobacco. After that, 479 people decided to quit smoking and 41 people were excluded due to health contraindications, and the final sample 454 people began nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking. Participants in the treatment group received nicotine replacement patches for 28 days, while those in the counseling group received four sessions of behavioral change counseling (5A, 5R).
Results: 454 were found to be eligible to take part in the study and were subsequently assigned to one of two groups, with 230 and 224 participants assigned to each group, respectively. In the second month of follow-up, 90 (39.1%) of participants who received NRT patches quit smoking. The group that received NRT + Behavioral intervention was 1.02 times as successful, or 0.7% more effective, than the group that did not receive behavioral intervention (P=0.872).
Conclusion: WHO 5A, 5R brief counselling were more effective than group without behavioral intervention for smoking cessation, but difference was insignificant.

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Published

2023-03-20

How to Cite

Davaanyam, M.-U., Singh, P., Mukhtar, Y., Ganbat, M., Gombodorj, N., Chimedtseren, A., Myagmarjav, S., Tumur-Ochir, G., Sukhbaatar, K., & Dambadarjaa, D. (2023). Evaluating Smoking Cessation Counseling Bundle Behavioral Intervention for Mongolian Adults Who Use Nicotine Patches. Central Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(1), 22–35. https://doi.org/10.24079/cajms.2023.03.004

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