Decorations of the Bogtag Headdress

Authors

  • N.Nandin-Erdene Institute of Archaeology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Building-1. Peace avenue, Ulaanbaatar-13330, Mongolia
  • E.Amarbold Institute of Archaeology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Building-1. Peace avenue, Ulaanbaatar-13330, Mongolia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5564/sa.v41i1.2490

Keywords:

Tsog decoration, bogtag wife’s hat, chandman type, Buural mountain, medieval period

Abstract

We will discuss decorations on a Mongolian wife hat. Two decorations were found in the second burial at Buural Mountain in Khongor sum, Darkhan Uul province in 1980. They are stored in the Funds of Institute of Archaeology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences. In total, there are two fragments.
The first decoration is well-preserved and round in shape. The chemical analyses of the first artefact show that it is made of silver and gold. On it, there are two other metal decorations in the shape of a sun and a moon, which demonstrates the link to the Xiongnu and Mongol Empire totem, ritual, and ancestry.
The second decoration was found in a broken state, with half of the piece being lost. We were able to reconstruct the piece to get a complete decoration pattern, which was determined to be a “Chandmani” pattern. The artefact comprises a small piece of organic textile and stone. We analyzed the textile under a microscope and found that the textile was made using a weaving method called a “yorog”.

Богтаг малтайн нэгэн цог чимгийн тухай

Товчлол. Энэхүү өгүүлэлд Шинжлэх Ухааны Академийн Археологийн хүрээлэнгийн сан хөмрөгт хадгалагдаж буй, 1980 онд археологич Д.Наваан, Х.Лхагвасүрэн нарын судалгааны багийнхан Дархан уул аймгийн Хонгор сумын нутагт орших Буурал уулын 2-р булшинд хийсэн археологийн малтлага судалгаагаар олдсон дундад зууны үед хамаарагдах нэгэн цог чимгийн тухай өгүүлэх болно. Бид тухайн олдворыг судалгааны эргэлтэд оруулахыг зорьж байгаа юм.

Түлхүүр үгс: Цог чимэг, богтаг малгай, чандмань хэлбэр, Буурал уул, дундад зууны үе

Abstract
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Author Biography

E.Amarbold, Institute of Archaeology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Building-1. Peace avenue, Ulaanbaatar-13330, Mongolia

Master, Researcher of Division of Fund and Laboratory

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Published

2022-12-29

How to Cite

Nyam-Osor, N.-E., & Erdene-Ochir, A. (2022). Decorations of the Bogtag Headdress. Studia Archaeologica, 41(1), 148–157. https://doi.org/10.5564/sa.v41i1.2490

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