Comparative study of gut microbiota Mongolian and Asian people

Authors

  • Akari Shinoda Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Demberel Shirchin Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Zaisan 17024, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Dugersuren Jamiyan Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Zaisan 17024, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Tsogtbaatar Lkhagvajav Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Zaisan 17024, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Chantsaldulam Purevdorj Department of Endocrinology, First Central Hospital of Mongolia, Zorig street 210648, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Sainbileg Sonomtseren Mongolian National University of Medical Science, Zorig street 14210, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Battogtokh Chimiddorj Mongolian National University of Medical Science, Zorig street 14210, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Bira Namdag Mongolian National University of Medical Science, Zorig street 14210, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Phatthanaphong Therdtatha Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
  • Jiro Nakayama Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0449-5106

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5564/mjas.v33i2.1744

Keywords:

Gut microbiota, Lactobacillus, Enterotypes, Mongolian people

Abstract

Mongolia has the unique dietary habit having a great deal of animal products especially among rural resident.To capture the status of Mongolian gut microbiome, we characterized bacterial community of 98 healthy Mongolian adults and compared with that of adults in five Asian countries, including Korea, China, Japan, Thailand and Indonesia. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed based on genus composition of each sample. As a result, three microbiome-type cluster, the so-called “enterotype”, driven by the three taxonomic groups, Prevotella (P-type), Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium (BB-type), and Ruminococcaceae (R-type), were observed. Most of Mongolian subjects harbored P-type, which is known to strongly depend on carbohydrate-based diets. Further, the metagenomic analysis indicated that Catenibacterium and Lactobacillus were enriched in Mongolian subjects which may be concerned with intake of animal-based and dairy products-based diets, respectively. These results suggest that gut microbiome status of Mongolian people associates with the traditional unique dietary habit.

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Published

2021-09-15

How to Cite

Shinoda, A., Shirchin, D., Jamiyan, D., Lkhagvajav, T., Purevdorj, C., Sonomtseren, S., Chimiddorj, B., Namdag, B., Therdtatha, P., & Nakayama, J. (2021). Comparative study of gut microbiota Mongolian and Asian people. Mongolian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 33(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.5564/mjas.v33i2.1744

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Articles