Nomadic tourism: stakeholder collaboration management for tourism development in Mongolia
Keywords:tourism in Mongolia, stakeholder management position, role of local people, Mongolian cultural landscape, community friendly tourism, nomadic tourism
This study has been produced for the purpose of furthering the debate on the importance of cultural identities in sustainable development processes by giving special emphasis to stakeholder collaboration management in the tourist industry. Tourism plays a critical role, both in strengthening cultural identity and promoting sustainable development. However, there issues that need to be addressed, such as, how tourism, especially community-based tourism (CBT) could help promote local culture, what is the role of key stakeholders, especially local people’s attitude towards sustainable development collaboration. These issues have been considered. So far, CBT is a kind of approach to promote sustainable tourism development, and also to be grounded the local circumstances. In other words, local cultural identity enriches and defines the CBT approach by way of matching local cultural identity and tourism development. Nomadic people are viewed as the key engine of their community, who epitomize the local identity. Finally, I propose “A nomad friendly tourism”, or “nomadic tourism” that can be seen as a development concept rather than CBT, and which is the practical tool that maintains the balance between natural and cultural landscape of the Mongols.
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