Green human resouce management: a Theoretical review

Keywords: Human Recource Management (HRM), Environment Management (EM), Green Human Resource Management (GHRM)


In the 21st century, environmental issues, such as climate change, global warming, and air pollution have become a hot topic in many developed and developing countries. At the same time, the proper use of natural resources and the conservation of the environment has become one of the vital issues. Environmental issues require special attention from governments, scientists, scholars, business executives, and even individuals.

Therefore, for any business organization, there is a growing need to integrate environmental management into human resource management, which has been coined as the Green Human Resource Management (GHRM). Researchers have found that the implementation of GHRM policies and practices could effectively improve financial and environmental performance of organizations, improve their competitive advantage, as well as improve their reputation and image, while maintaining environmental management practices.

However, it is being maintained that the term “GHRM” is a relatively new concept for academicians, scholars,and professionals. GRHM-related literature is generally found in western countries, however the concept of GHRM is yet to make its mark in Asia. Therefore, the aim of this research is to explore the concept of GHRM and to propose a model of GHRM and its outcome by reviewing the literature.


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How to Cite
Tuul, O., & Bing, S. (2020). Green human resouce management: a Theoretical review. Proceedings of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, 60(2), 39-47.