Mongolian Journal of Chemistry 2021-07-26T09:46:32+00:00 Academician J. Temuujin Open Journal Systems <p>Published by the Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences.</p> <p>The Mongolian Journal of Chemistry is included on <a title="DOAJ" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;<a title="EBSCO" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EBSCO Discovery Service</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;<a title="Google Scholar" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a>,&nbsp; &nbsp;<a title="MJC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dimensions</a>,&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>CAS databases, <a title="CNKI" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CNKI</a>,&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<a title="MJC - Scopus" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Scopus</strong></a></p> The general characteristics and organic matters of therapeutic mud from Lake Noot (Mongolia) 2021-07-26T09:46:30+00:00 Ganzaya Gankhurel Nomintsetseg Byambajav Bayaraa Batnasan Dolmaa Gania <p>In this investigation, we examined the chemical composition, physicochemical&nbsp;properties, and organic matter of therapeutic mud from Lake Noot in the Arkhangai&nbsp;province of Mongolia. The therapeutic mud from “Lake Noot” is used in the pelotherapy&nbsp;of local health care services for some time but without deep characterization. Due to&nbsp;this, a study of therapeutic mud samples was required.<br> Our research concentrated on identifying general characteristics, organic matter,&nbsp;mineralogical, and chemical composition of therapeutic mud at two different Lake Noot&nbsp;sites. Results showed that the therapeutic mud belongs to the continental hydrogen&nbsp;sulfide sticky mud type. The total organic matter in the therapeutic mud of Lake Noot&nbsp;was 14.44%. Total organic matter contains a humic substance of 42.17%, lipid&nbsp;16.62%, and carbohydrate 7.13%. A total of 172 compounds were identified in the&nbsp;dissoluble organic matter of therapeutic mud, mainly of natural origin, using the gas&nbsp;chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method. The dominant compounds&nbsp;were saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons with 13–44 carbon atoms and<br> carboxylic acids and their ethers. Some of the identified organic compounds have&nbsp;been reported antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antifungal&nbsp;properties.</p> 2021-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ganzaya Gankhurel, Nomintsetseg Byambajav, Bayaraa Batnasan, Dolmaa Gania Synthetic fatty acid from crude oil of Tamsagbulag petroleum deposit (Mongolia) 2021-07-26T09:46:31+00:00 Myagmargerel Bayanmunkh Khulan Bayasgalan Gantsetseg Byambasuren Khongorzul Batchuluun Tuya Murneren <p>In this work, we studied to obtain synthetic fatty acids raw materials to produce surfactants&nbsp;and various detergents from paraffin. The solid paraffin extracted from the Tamsagbulag&nbsp;petroleum deposit was 46 mass%, distilled 350-450°C, by complexing with urea.&nbsp;Experimental study indicates paraffin's physicochemical characteristics from this&nbsp;petroleum are more suitable to use in the production of synthetic fatty acids. By solid&nbsp;paraffin oxidation, we obtained 33.01% of the synthetic fatty acids containing&nbsp;monocarboxylic acids.<br>We suggest obtaining the synthetic fatty acid by oxidation process in normal condition from&nbsp;petroleum paraffin.</p> 2021-07-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Myagmargerel Bayanmunkh, Khulan Bayasgalan, Gantsetseg Byambasuren, Khongorzul Batchuluun, Tuya Murneren